Every woman, when she decides to plan a pregnancy, most often turns to an obstetrician-gynecologist . However, despite the preparation, some of the fair sex faces obstacles on the way to pregnancy. Today we will talk about who a reproductive specialist is and when you need to contact him.
Interesting fact! There is a myth among patients that a fertility specialist only deals with IVF and nothing else. In fact, in the arsenal of reproductology, IVF is far from the only method of treating infertility, although it is the most effective.
Who is a reproductive specialist?
Despite modern achievements of science and medicine, not every public or private clinic can find this specialist’s office. Many patients have never even heard of such a field of medicine as reproductology, but today it is this science that saves hundreds of thousands of couples around the world from infertility.
A reproductive specialist is a specialist who diagnoses and treats the reproductive system of men and women in order to restore its functioning. Interestingly, only an obstetrician-gynecologist can become a reproductive specialist after undergoing appropriate training and education.
A reproductive specialist helps not only to cure diseases, but to eliminate various kinds of obstacles, diseases and pathologies between a couple and their desire to have children. It is this specialist who supervises the couple from the first application and does everything to ensure that in the end the man and woman definitely see the two coveted stripes on the test.
In simple words, a reproductologist is a doctor who diagnoses and treats infertility.
A visit to a reproductologist, like any other specialist, should have indications. But under what circumstances should you make an appointment with this particular doctor?
Here are 10 most common spread reasons to see a fertility specialist
1. Absence of pregnancy for at least 12 months of regular sexual activity.
If there are no pregnancies in a couple who have not used protection for more than 12 months and have regular intimate contact, this is a reason to consult a doctor. Typically, under such circumstances, patients receive a referral from a urologist or gynecologist for a consultation with a fertility specialist. In this case, both the man and the woman receive the direction.
2. The patient has a history of miscarriage or frozen pregnancy.
If a patient has had an undeveloped pregnancy more than 2 times , she is required to consult a fertility specialist. This is especially important if a woman plans to have more children in the future. It is this doctor who helps not only to identify the causes of miscarriage or stopping the development of pregnancy, but also to overcome them.
3. The age of the future parents is more than 35 years.
Today, a “late” first child does not surprise anyone: here and there in the media there are amazing cases of first births at 50, 55 and even 60 years old. However, those who read this news and calmly put off motherhood for later should know that 100% of such children are born only with the help of a fertility specialist.
The fact is that women have a very limited number of eggs, which are released once and for the rest of their lives – about 400 pieces. And the older a woman gets, the fewer healthy eggs left that are capable of fertilization.
At the same time, her body does not become younger and healthier. With age, the influence of the environment, bad habits, unhealthy diet, lifestyle, excess weight, chronic diseases and even untreated gynecological symptoms reaches its maximum. The result is infertility.
Yes, by the age of 35-40 a woman manages to achieve a lot in her career, find housing and financial stability. However, nature says that its time is almost up: after 35 years, the chances of genetic mutations in the fetus rapidly increase.
The same thing, although to a lesser extent, applies to men. Despite the fact that a man is actually fertile throughout his life, that is, his sex cells are produced, and from the age of 35, his chances of genetic damage in the unborn fetus increase.
In fact, “late” births are almost no different from normal ones. However, the participation of a reproductive specialist in preparing for pregnancy after 35 years will help avoid miscarriage, hereditary diseases and the birth of children with mutations.
4. Surgical intervention.
Any surgery on the reproductive system, including organ-sparing laparoscopy and hysteroresectoscopy, can affect future conception or pregnancy.
It is for this reason that patients who have undergone surgery on the ovaries or uterus are referred to a fertility specialist after recovery. The main task of the specialist in these cases is to restore the functioning of the reproductive system and help the woman become pregnant.
5. Lack of a partner.
Globally women who are single or do not have a partner for some reason have access to a service such as artificial insemination. In other words, even if a woman does not have a partner, she has the right to become a mother with the help of donor material.
A reproductive specialist will help the patient prepare for an IVF procedure or another ART method, depending on her individual characteristics, and then become pregnant and become a mother.
6. Involuntary infertility.
Involuntary infertility involves situations in which a woman can physically conceive or give birth to a child, but for certain reasons cannot do so:
- Autoimmune diseases, including AIDS.
- Negative Rh factor.
- Some types of diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus.
- Absence of uterus or ovaries.
- Family history: genetic diseases, including diabetes.
7. Oncological processes.
If oncological processes are detected, the woman will most likely be prescribed chemotherapy. Unfortunately, this type of intervention almost always has an irreversible effect on the ovaries. Considering that eggs are not renewed and synthesized anew, like in men, their irradiation leads to infertility.
In this case, the goal of the reproductive specialist is to freeze and preserve the patient’s whole eggs, so that in the future she can become a mother with the help of IVF. Moreover, such biomaterial can be stored as long as needed – almost indefinitely.
8. PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome
f a woman has been diagnosed with PCOS, she definitely needs the help of a fertility specialist. By the way, you should contact this specialist in case of any ovarian pathologies, for example, in case of POI – premature ovarian failure or in case of POS – resistant ovarian syndrome.
9. The presence of genetic diseases on the side of one of the partners.
This is especially true for situations in which the transmission of the disease occurs by sex, that is, sex-linked transmission. For example, a disease such as hemophilia is transmitted only by women. At the same time, they are carriers of the disease, but they themselves do not get sick. Hemophilia affects only men.
10. Ineffective infertility treatment
There are often cases when a trivial but neglected disease causes serious complications on the reproductive system. As a result, the woman turns to a gynecologist, but cannot find a solution to her problem.
When the doctor’s knowledge and experience runs out or the situation requires in-depth research, the specialist refers the woman to a fertility specialist.
Let’s sum it up
Many different diseases and other factors can make having your own child a pipe dream. However, thanks to reproductology and its constant development, today infertility is not a death sentence.
If you really want, but cannot yet get pregnant, come for an appointment with a fertility specialist . The specialist will collect anamnesis and select the best treatment method.