Overview of Agricultural and Processed Food Exports in India

To boost agricultural exports, the central government of India has prepared a 50 agricultural products with good export potential

As part of the PM Gatishakti National Master Plan, APEDA has partnered with various ministries to ensure faster logistics facilities.

Despite the logistical challenges posed by the Covid-19 epidemic, such as rising freight rates and shortage of containers, India’s agricultural exports have crossed the 5050 billion USD in 2021-22. The Agriculture and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, has set a new record by exporting USD 25.6 billion worth of agricultural and processed food products, accounting for 51 per cent of India’s total USD 50 billion agricultural exports.

In addition, Apeda has surpassed its export target of 23 23.7 billion USD for FY 2021-22 by registering shipments of 25 25.6 billion USD.

According to estimates released by the Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI & S), agricultural exports grew by 19.92 per cent to .2 50.21 billion USD in 2021-22. The growth rate is remarkable, up 17.66 per cent from 41 41.87 billion in 2020-21, and has been achieved despite unprecedented logistical challenges such as rising freight rates and container shortages.

The historic achievements of the last two years will go a long way in realizing Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s dream of increasing the income of farmers.

Compared to total agricultural exports, Apeda’s exports increased by 16% from 22 22.03 billion USD in 2020-21 to .6 25.6 billion USD in 2021-22. The highest growth rate (more than 30 per cent) reported by Apeda products in 2021-22 as compared to the previous year.

According to the 2021-22 data, the major exporting Asian countries are: Bangladesh, UAE, Vietnam, Nepal, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Iran and Egypt.

Significant growth in agri-exports is seen as a testament to the government’s commitment to increase farmers’ incomes by focusing on boosting exports of agricultural and processed food products.

Exports of agricultural and processed food products have increased due to various initiatives taken by the Central Government through Apeda, such as organizing B2B exhibitions in various countries, exploring new potential markets through product specific and general marketing campaigns with active participation of Indian embassies.

To increase exports of agricultural products, the government, in collaboration with the state governments, organized more than 300 public relations programs.

Dr M Angamuthu, President, Apeda, said, “We have also developed a product table for 50 agricultural products which has ample scope to expand our export portfolio.

To boost exports, Apeda compiles and disseminates various international trade analytics information, market opportunity information and exporters, and resolves trade-related queries.

PM Gati Shakti – As part of the National Master Plan, Apeda is collaborating with various Ministries, including the Ministry of Railways and Road Transport, to enhance connectivity through fast transportation of perishable agricultural products.

The Farmer Connect Portal has also been set up on Apeda’s website to provide a platform for farmer producer organizations (FPOs) or farmer production companies (FPCs), cooperatives and women entrepreneurs to interact with exporters. About 3,295 FPOs and FPCs and 3,315 exporters have been registered on the portal so far. Thousands of organic farmers have registered with Apeda. India is the world’s leading producer of organic products.

Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export for 2021/2022 include (figures are given in USD million):

Rice – 9654/8829

Dairy Products – 634/323

Pulses – 358/265

Other Cereals – 1083/705

Cashew – 452 / 420

Wheat – 2118 / 567

Fruits & Vegetables – 1789 / 1617

Processed Products – 1202 / 1120

Floriculture products – 103 / 77

Sheep / goat meat – 60 / 34

Buffalo meat – 3303 / 3171

Poultry – 71 / 58

Miscellaneous processed items – 4753 / 4844


2021: 25580

2022: 22030

Source of data obtained during the analysis for public reference: DGCIS