Iran, a country with more than 3000 years of history and home to one of the oldest known civilizations, is the 18th largest country in the world and the 17th most populous country. It is bordered by Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Caspian Sea and Turkmenistan to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, Turkey and Iraq to the west, and the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south.
Cultural heritage is the expression of lifestyles developed by a community and passed down from generation to generation, including customs, practices, places, objects, phrases, and artistic values. Cultural heritage is one of the most basic principles of integrating national identity, creativity and self-esteem in any country. Research in its various fields clarifies some historical ambiguities, confirms the values derived from the deep-rooted heritage, and accelerates the recognition of the values hidden in a country’s cultural heritage. Cultural heritage is often expressed as intangible or tangible cultural heritage
It was in 1930 that some of the historical monuments in Iran were registered as the national cultural heritage of Iran. According to the law of national heritage preservation, related to the races that lived in Iran during the Zand dynasty are considered as antiques. The first case in the national heritage was Suleiman Tappeh, introduced by Andre Godard. After 25 years, when Golestan Palace was registered in this list, works related to the Qajar dynasty (and after that) can also be registered in the National Heritage List of Iran.
Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran. It is located in the northern part of the country under the Alborz mountains. Other major metropolises include Mashhad, Isfahan, Tabriz, Shiraz, Ahvaz, Yazd and Hamedan, but are not limited to them. Iran’s population is mostly urban, and more people live in large metropolises and expanding urban complexes around large cities.
The official language of Iran is Persian and the most practiced religion in Islam is Islam. Therefore, Islamic social laws are observed by all people. However, due to the different backgrounds and roots of all societies and civilizations, which have settled in Iran during a period of human history, there are different religions, lifestyles and languages in this country and actively Use and practice.
Climatic conditions in the country are diverse due to the large area covered by Iran. In the north and south, the weather is moderately temperate and humid and are located near the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf, respectively. The eastern and central regions are hot and dry because the two major deserts are located in these areas, while the western provinces often experience much colder weather due to their altitude. It is common for Iran to be referred to as a country of four seasons.
UNESCO World Heritage in Iran
1- Chogha Zanbil, Khuzestan
2- Imam Square (Imam Square), Isfahan
3- Persepolis, Fars
4- Takht-e Soleiman, West Azerbaijan
5- Bam and its cultural landscape, Kerman
6- Pasargad, Fars
7- Soltanieh, Zanjan
8- Biston, Kermanshah
9- Armenian monastery groups
10- Shushtar, historical hydraulic system, Khuzestan
11- Historical Bazaar Complex of Tabriz, East Azerbaijan
12- Sheikh Safiuddin Group House and Shrine, Ardabil
13- Iranian gardens
14- Qaboos Dome, Golestan
15- Grand Mosque, Isfahan
16- Golestan Palace, Tehran
Iran is one of the most dynamic and prolific centers in the world in the field of art, architecture and literature. Inspired by different thoughts and ideas, artists, architects and literary figures alike have made Iran a unique center of creativity and initiative today. Iranian artists in different fields, time periods, schools, etc. follow their activities, hold numerous exhibitions and performances in major cities of the world and the country. The architects who combine most of the ancient Iranian architecture with the Islamic world have also left their mark on the history of Iran and its contemporary architecture. In the case of literature, it is easy to claim that the history of Iran is somehow equal to its literary traditions. Over time, countless Iranian poets, writers and literary critics of world renown have come and gone and left their mark on human history. Iran is by far one of the centers of human civilization. As the fourth UNESCO World Heritage Site in Asia, Iran has many historical sites and tourist attractions in different provinces and cities. In addition, there are various natural tourism destinations across the country.
The experience of living in Iran and the Iranian lifestyle is certainly an attractive prospect, and you will leave Iran with many good memories after visiting this country.
Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran) is a country in southwest Asia, bordering Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Turkey and Iraq to the west. Iran enjoys an important position in international energy security and the global economy due to its large oil and natural gas reserves. This blog offers you a picture of Iranian culture and tradition.
Persian is the official language of Iran, which is historically one of the most prominent languages in the Middle East and the wider region. Iranian culture is one of the oldest cultures in the region and has influenced cultures such as Italy, Macedonia, Greece, the Arabian Peninsula and parts of Asia. Islam is practiced by the majority of Iranians and governs their personal, political, economic and legal lives. Iran is a multinational, multicultural society as a result of millennia of migration and conquest. Speaking of different ethnic groups in terms of their first language may be the easiest. Almost half of the people speak the original Persian language and related dialects.
The Persian calendar is a solar calendar, however, some official Islamic and Shiite religious holidays are based on the lunar calendar. The official working days of the government are from Saturday to Wednesday.
The term culture has been used in various dictionaries to mean literature, intellect, knowledge, greatness, wisdom, art, science and knowledge. They use culture in the position of science as a sign and spiritual manifestation of the growth and development of a society. In this sense, culture is a characteristic that a society acquires when it steps on the path of exaltation! In some cultures, the root of culture is considered to be cultivation, land and breeding; That is, efficiency and growth lie in this concept; Therefore, sometimes culture is used to mean the growth and education of individuals and human society, but over time, the meaning of this concept has changed and is used for everything that is acquired socially and is a collection of knowledge, belief, art, religion. , Morals, rights and customs, and any talent that a person acquires as a member of a particular society. Cultures are fluid over time and are constructed by composition and interpretation through relationships. Although cultures are created by the interaction of individuals, this does not mean that they are easily combined. Some cultures are easily overwhelmed by other cultures, while others take a hard line.
In Iran, family issues are very important, because they take their responsibilities to the family very seriously. Women are protected and cared for, and asking questions about an Iranian spouse or other female relatives is inappropriate. Their loyalty to the family is first and foremost.
Routine wedding ceremonies take place in two stages. The first stage, Aghd, shows the legal aspect of marriage in Iran, where the bride and groom sign a marriage contract, usually at the bride’s house. The second stage, the wedding celebration, is the wedding celebration in which the feasts and celebrations are held.
Art and literature
Iran has a great artistic heritage that can be seen in architecture, painting, calligraphy and poetry. This legacy has been translated into several languages and influenced many cultures. Contemporary literature was influenced by classical Persian poetry, although it reflects the characteristics of today’s Iran. Houshang Moradi-Kermani is one of the most famous modern Iranian writers and is considered the most translated modern Iranian writer.
Iranian films are celebrated and internationally acclaimed. These films have won 300 international awards in the last 10 years. Abbas Kiarostami, Majid Majidi and Asghar Farhadi are among the most famous Persian directors.
Iran has a long history in weaving fine silk and wool carpets, which is why Iranian carpets are known internationally as the most beautiful carpets in the world. Iran produces more carpets and rugs together than other countries.
Iranian culture and customs
If you are planning to do business with the Iranian people, here are some important customs rules that must be followed.
The most common greeting is “Salam” or more simply “Hello” which means “peace”.
Introductions are generally limited to members of the same sex, as men and women socialize separately.
When Iranians greet each other, they take their time and talk about general things.
Try never to be late, punctuality is appreciated.
First of all, respect the elders with greetings.
Iranians prefer to do business with people they know and respect, so they expect to spend time developing a personal relationship before doing so.
The Iranians are a deliberate negotiator and can make a tough deal.
Companies are hierarchies. Decisions at the head of the company are made by one person or a small council.
Commercial clothing is formal and conservative.
When presenting business cards, it is recommended to translate one side of your card into Persian and present your card so that the Persian side is facing the recipient.
Iranian culture and traditions are complex and have a deep history. If your global business is currently operating in Iran or intends to do so, familiarity with Iranian customs is essential to success.
On this planet, everyone can find answers to many of their questions by listening to historical stories and studying the history of their country and what has happened to their homeland.
Every Iranian, as a person born in the loving soil of Iran, must know the history and past of his country. It is important to know and study about your homeland.
It is a country with a rich civilization and a long history in Transoxiana and Mesopotamia in the heart of the Iranian plateau and the western basin of the vast continent of Asia in the Middle East of Iran. A country that has seen many ups and downs since ancient times, both during the rule of different kings and today in different economic, political, social and Iranian dimensions of the land of different ethnic groups from Persia, Azeri, Turkmen, Kurdish, Lor, Baluch, Qashqai, Shahsoon, Talshi and Arab
A land full of stories and anecdotes and stories that each of these tribes has their own stories and audible stories. The land of various customs, kindness and warmth and hospitality.