Discover with us your magic night of Yalda

Yalda night research and Yalda night customs in ancient Iran

The rituals of Yalda night have not changed over time and on this night, Iranians eat the rest of the fruits they have stored and dried fruits and snacks.

They also sit around the burning firewood and light the stove so that the dawn of good news will announce the defeat of darkness and the coming of light and warmth (in ancient Iran, the sun would not disappear and live without which there would be no life), because they think Tonight, darkness is at its peak.

The word Yalda

The word Yalda has been used since the Sassanid era, when they tended to use the Syriac script (alphabet from right to left).

Yalda – the same birth means birth – birthday or birth from which the Semitic language has entered Persian. It should be noted that in many parts of Iran, especially in the south and southeast, the compound word Shab-e Cheleh is used instead of Yalda night to name the longest night of the year.

Khor Rooz (DiGan) – January 1 – in ancient Iran was also the day of human equality. On this day, everyone, including the king, wore simple clothes to look the same, and no one had the right to order another, and things were done voluntarily, not under command.

Avoiding war

On this day, fighting and bloodshed, even killing sheep and chickens were forbidden. This was known and observed by the hostile Iranian forces on the fronts, and the bloodshed was temporarily stopped, and it has been seen that this temporary cessation of the war led to a long and peaceful peace.

Yalda night awakening

Iranians have been awake for several thousand years on Yalda night, the last night of autumn, which is the longest and darkest night of the year, until dawn, and they entertain each other so that the sorrow of the absence of the sun and the darkness and coldness do not weaken their spirit. Go to bed and relax in the light of the sky.

Persian kings on the night of Yalda

In ancient times, according to a long-standing tradition of the seal of the Persian kings, on the first day of January, they laid the royal throne on the ground and went to the desert in white clothes and sat on a white carpet.

Yalda night customs in ancient Iran

The gatekeepers and guards of the royal palace and all the slaves and servants in the city were freed and lived like others. The boss and the subordinate, the king and the common people were all the same.

Yalda night food

Of course, this has not been confirmed and may not be a myth. On this night, the Iranians ate the fruits they had stored, along with nuts and snacks, and sat around the burning firewood to light the dawn of the gospel, because they thought that darkness was at its peak on this night.

Night stay

Yalda celebration in Iran today is also held with family members and relatives coming together and spending the night together.

Reading stories

The storytelling, which is a form of poetry and storytelling, used to be performed in such a way that families would gather on this night and the elders would tell stories to everyone.

Yalda night fruits

The ritual of Yalda night or Shab-e Cheleh is accompanied by eating special nuts, watermelon, pomegranate, sweets and various fruits, all of which have a symbolic aspect and are a sign of blessing, health, abundance and happiness.

These fruits, which often have many seeds, are a kind of contagious magic that humans, by appearing to be blessed and plump, bless themselves like them and increase their fertility.

Pomegranates and watermelons with bright colors are also representatives of the sun at night. On this night, like the Tirgan festival, divination from Hafez’s book is common. Attendees fortune-telling by picking and breaking a walnut from its hollow or fullness.

Celebrate Yalda night and the birth of Christ

Yalda night is a very lively celebration and all Christians around the world celebrate it under the name of Christ’s birthday. Yalda and the ceremonies that are held on the first long night of winter and the longest night of the year have a very long history and are related to Izad Mehr.

Shab-e Cheleh

This festival, which is one of the oldest celebrations in ancient Iran, is also called Shab-e Cheleh. Cheleh Bozorg lasts from the first day of January to the 10th of Bahman, which is the celebration of the century, and it is called Cheleh Bozorg because the cold is more intense, then the small Cheleh arrives from the 10th of Bahman to the 20th of Esfand. It lasts and the cold gradually decreases.

The first day of winter

The first day of winter or the first night of it is the birth of the seal and the sun is invincible, because the people of the previous periods, whose life was based on agriculture and shepherding, were accustomed to the passing of seasons and contradictions of nature throughout the year. Experience and the passage of time with the rotation of the sun and the change of seasons and the height and shortness of day and night and the direction of movement and arrangement of stars and adjusted their work and activities based on it and gradually realized that the shortest days are the last day of autumn, 30 Azar and The longest nights are the first night of winter, but immediately after that, with the beginning of January, the days get longer and the nights get shorter.

Sunshine birthday party

The ancient Aryan tribes celebrated the birth of the sun at the beginning of winter, especially the Germans, who attributed this month to the sun god, and it is not disproportionate because the beginning of winter is like the birth of the sun, which has been rising in half of North Korea since then. It gives height and radiance and becomes stronger every day.

Light a fire

On this night, they lit a fire to destroy the darkness and the demonic agents and demons, and just as the sun was sanctified on the occasion of the light and warmth of its work, the fire had the same highness among the people.

As darkness came, in the light of the fire, they destroyed the demonic darkness. On the night of Yalda or the birth of the sun, people would gather together and light a fire to eliminate this misfortune, and spread a special reader like a tablecloth that is prepared for Nowruz, but its contents are different, and whatever fresh fruit of the season was kept, and They put dried fruits on the table.

Yalda night table

This table had a religious aspect and was sacred, and they asked the sun god for light and blessings to enjoy the winter, and fresh and dried fruits and other things on the table were an allegory of having a blessed spring and summer and spending the whole night. They passed in the light of lights and light and fire so that the devil would not have the opportunity to be destroyed.

Yalda dinner table is a table and the table is made of fresh and dried fruits and nuts or the so-called Zoroastrians Lark, which was one of the accessories of this celebration, which was held in honor of the Mehr or the sun.
Today, Iranians all over the world hold this beautiful celebration together and read the Shahnameh and fortune-telling of Hafez.

Yalda night ritual

To be safe from the danger of the devil, on this night everyone gathered together and blessed the sun by lighting a fire.


The ritual of Yalda night or Shab-e Cheleh is the eating of special nuts, watermelon, pomegranate and sweets and various fruits, all of which have a symbolic aspect and are a sign of blessing, health, abundance and happiness.

On this night, like the Tirgan festival, divination from Hafez’s book is common. The audience foretells the future by choosing and breaking a walnut from its hollow or fullness.

Yalda night celebration is a celebration that has been held among Iranians since 7,000 years ago. 7,000 years ago, our ancestors accessed a census and found that the first night of winter is the longest night of the year.

Mitra’s birthday

Another reason for holding this celebration is Izdmehr or Mitra’s birthday night. Mehr means the sun and the history of its worship among Iranians and Aryans dates back to before the religion of Zoroaster, which after the advent of Zarathustra, this prophet defined him as Ahuramazda. He was one of the Ahuraian gods of Mehr, after whom a part of Avesta is now named.

Yalda night research

Yalda night We remember as a child that we used to gather on the last night of autumn in the house of our grandmothers and grandfathers, the elders sang Hafiz and prepared foods such as pomegranate, watermelon and nuts. The following text has been tried. To read and better understand the philosophy of this beautiful night

The root of the word Yalda belongs to the Syriac language and means birth or birth. According to some sources, after the Romans became Christians, three hundred years after the birth of Jesus Christ, the church accepted the celebration of the birth of Mehr as the birthday of Jesus, because the exact time of his birth was not known.

In fact, Yalda is an Aryan festival in Iran and neighboring neighboring cultures, from the night of the beginning of winter is called “Shab Cheleh” or “Yalda night”, which coincides with the night of the winter solstice.

Variety of holding Yalda

One of the rituals of Yalda night in Iran is divination with Hafez Divan. The people of Divan open the poems of the tongue of the unseen with the intention of prosperity and happiness and ask him for their fortune. In some other parts of Iran, reading Shahnameh is also common. Quoting the memories and storytelling of grandparents is also one of the things that make Yalda more pleasant for the Iranian family. But all these are tricks to bring families together and dawn the longest night of the year with joy and serenity.

Throughout Iran, you will not find a place where eating watermelon on Yalda night is not part of its customs. In different parts of Iran, a variety of snacks and foods are consumed due to the environment and lifestyle of the people of the region, but watermelon is a fruit that will never be missed, because many people believe that if they eat some watermelon at night, it will be eaten all over. Big and small, that is, the winter ahead, the cold and disease will not overcome them.

Yalda night customs in ancient Iran

The rituals of Yalda night have not changed over time and on this night, Iranians eat the rest of the fruits they have stored and dried fruits and snacks.

They also sit around a burning firewood and a lighted stove to announce the dawn of the defeat of darkness and the coming of light and warmth (in ancient Iran, the sun did not disappear and live, without which there would be no life), because according to it. On this night, darkness and darkness are at their peak.

The word Yalda has been used since the Sassanid era, when they tended to use the Syriac script (alphabet from right to left).

Yalda – the same birth means birth – birthday or birth from which the Semitic language has entered Persian. It should be noted that in many parts of Iran, especially in the south and southeast, the compound word Shab-e Cheleh is used instead of Yalda night to name the longest night of the year.

Iranians have been awake for several thousand years on the night of Yalda, the last night of autumn, which is the longest and darkest night of the year, until dawn, and they entertain themselves together to weaken the sorrow of the absence of the sun and the darkness and cold of their spirits. Do not do so and go to bed with the light of the sky and rest.

In ancient times, according to a long-standing tradition of Mehr, the Persian kings placed the royal throne on the ground on the first day of January and went to the desert in a white robe and sat on a white carpet.

The gatekeepers and guards of the royal palace and all the slaves and servants in the city were freed and lived like everyone else. The chief and the king and the common people were all the same.

Yalda celebration in Iran today is also held with family members and relatives gathering and spending the night together, as if it were a kind of poetry reading and storytelling. In the past, families used to gather on this night. And the elders told stories to everyone.

The ritual of Yalda night or Shab-e Cheleh is accompanied by eating special nuts, watermelon, pomegranate, sweets and various fruits, all of which have a symbolic aspect and are a sign of blessing, health, abundance and happiness.

These fruits, which often have many seeds, are a kind of contagious magic that humans, by resorting to their blessing and plumpness, bless themselves like them and increase their fertility.

Pomegranates and watermelons with bright colors are also representatives of the sun at night. On this night, like the Tirgan festival, divination from Hafez’s book is common. Attendees predict the future by picking and breaking a walnut from its hollow or fullness.

This festival, which is one of the oldest celebrations in ancient Iran, is also called Shab-e Cheleh. Cheleh Bozorg lasts from the first day of January to the 10th of Bahman, which is the celebration of the century, and it is called Cheleh Bozorg because the cold is more intense, then the small Cheleh arrives from the 10th of Bahman to the 20th of Esfand. It lasts and the cold gradually decreases.

The ancient Aryan tribes celebrated the birth of the sun at the beginning of winter, especially the Germans, who attributed this month to the sun god, and it is not disproportionate because the beginning of winter is like the birth of the sun, which has been rising in half of North Korea since then. It gives height and radiance and becomes stronger every day.

On this night, they lit a fire to destroy the darkness and the demonic agents and demons, and just as the sun was sanctified on the occasion of the light and warmth of its work, the fire had the same highness among the people.

Yalda night celebration is a celebration that has been held among Iranians since 7,000 years ago. 7,000 years ago, our ancestors accessed a census and found that the first night of winter is the longest night of the year.

Another reason for holding this celebration is Izdmehr or Mitra’s birthday night. Mehr means the sun and the history of its worship among Iranians and Aryans dates back to before the religion of Zoroaster, which after the advent of Zarathustra, this prophet defined him as Ahuramazda. He was one of the Ahuraian gods of Mehr, after whom a part of Avesta is now named.

Iranian Yalda, the night when the sun is reborn

Yalda in Iranian myths and legends is the hadith of Milad Eshgh, which is repeated every year in “Khorram Rooz”.

“The beloved moon is the seal, and they both have their work on them, that the working time of the month is night, and the seal of days comes. The moon intends to seal the way at dawn and mingle with it, but it always stays asleep and the day comes when the moon is not on the way. Finally, the moon thinks of a plan and hires a star, a star that is always next to the moon if you look at the sky, and finally, at midnight, the star wakes up the moon and informs him that the sun is approaching. The moon welcomes the seal and tells the secret of the heart and cheers and prevents the seal from leaving. It is at this time that the sun and the moon forget their work and make love, and the seal arrives late, and this night is called “Yalda”. Since then, every year in October and the moon meet only one night, and every year there is only one long, black and long night, which is the night of Yalda. »

Yalda in Iranian myths and legends is the hadith of Milad Eshgh, which is repeated every year in “Khorram Rooz”.

In the time of Abu Rihan al-Biruni, January was also called “Khor Mah” (Sun of the Moon), the first day of which was called Khorram Rooz, and it was a month in which many rituals were held. Since Khorram Rooz, the first day of January, is the longest night of the year, its connection with the sun finds a deep meaning. After the longest night of the year, which is called Yalda, the sun is reborn and nature re-creates the song of life and the date palm covers the world.

It should be noted that Yalda is held in the lands of the Iranian plateau.

Our Center is actively engaged in classical Iranian studies, the legacy of which goes far beyond those millennial Persian cultural circles. We also provide Persian language training and local history cultural seminars, poetry and art evenings. The Center actively maintains cultural contacts and ties with the Persian diaspora around the world and encourages all who are interested in the East to look in a new way at the true Persian civilizational heritage that has survived, preserved and flourished in the aromas of Yalda night. We invite you to Persian language courses for beginners to immerse in this richness together with us.

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