Exploring the origin of Chinese business culture (China Partnership Bridge)

Exploring the origin of Chinese business culture

Researching and exploring the formation of business culture will help us establish a global perspective, integrate the essence of the excellent business civilization of various nations, enrich our thinking, broaden our horizons, sublimate our wisdom, and share the fruits of human civilization.

Researching and exploring the connotation of the business culture will help us to eliminate the irritation and ambivalence, it will help us to reflect on business and the trade-offs between gains and losses, and it will be more conducive to how we should behave in the short term and continue to develop in the long term. The meal of civilization of the world.

1. The origin

Chinese “Tao” During the evolution of Chinese history , the Chinese “Tao” has a lofty and insurmountable state, and it can also be described as the first peak of Chinese thought. It resembles the Western Bible and the Qur’an in the Arab world, but it has a larger space, a larger number of influencers, a longer history, and it is still developing today.

Today, we must inherit the excellent traditional ideas under the cultural background of Greater China on the road to inheriting the rejuvenation of Chinese civilization. Therefore, no matter how many kinds of Western management science and philosophical ideas we have learned, and how many advanced other peoples we have learned from Management philosophy, if you want such excellent “seeds” to take root, civilize, and produce results on the land of China, it is inseparable from the study of “Tao”. In this sense, Dao is the native place of Chinese culture. Therefore, when we talk about modern and future management, we must learn and understand “Tao”, and we should start with “Tao”.

Traditional Chinese culture represented mainly by Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism has gone through thousands of years of creation and development, and it still presents vitality. It constitutes the unique spiritual realm, values, cultural psychology and national character of the Chinese. It is also the foundation and nutrition for the innovation and development of modern civilization.

The three schools of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism in China all talk about “Tao”, and the interpretation of “Tao” of the three schools has the meaning of a winding path.

Lao Tzu said, “Dao does nothing but does nothing.” Tao is the driving force and the ultimate standard of everything in the universe. It is “no action”, so “no action” (no restriction, no restriction, no denial). Tao itself has yin and yang (only when there is yin and yang, there is movement), but “Dao” is masculine (active), and qi is feminine, and water is yin to soft, so Lao Tzu thinks that “a few are more than Tao” . People’s thoughts should be as soft as water, so that they can be “several in the Tao”.

Lao Tzu also said, “Tao is Tao, very Tao”, and regular Tao is not “dao”. Tao is holistic and infinite. There is no atomism or conceptualism in Chinese culture. Tao requires overall perception (this is also one of the obstacles to the inheritance and development of Chinese culture). However, the combination of Tao and specific things can still be “Tao”. Therefore, there are the sayings of “Tao based on government” and “Tao based on virtue”. Zhuangzi also said that the Tao is in the ants, in the barnyard. But any “dao” that can be “Tao” is only a manifestation, and cannot be said to be a part of the Tao. Tao is not composed of a number of finite and tangible elements. Composition, but an indivisible whole.

What is the core ideology of Chinese traditional culture is the moral concept of “Heaven and Man are one”. In 515 BC, another great thinker, Confucius, a representative of Confucian culture, visited Laozi admirably. After listening to Lao Tzu’s talk about Taoism, Confucius sighed and said: “If you hear about Taoism, you can die at night.” From this we can see how deep the understanding of Taoism in Confucianism is, how tight the integration is, and how broad the development is. The Confucian spirit of birth is a model representative among them.

There are common sayings: Confucianism governs the world, Buddhism governs the mind. The important meaning of Buddhism is to give people a hopeful side, a peaceful mind. After Buddhism was introduced into China from India, it has widely absorbed many Chinese cultures, including Confucianism and Taoism, thus forming new teachings such as the Song of Xingdao, which flowed back to India. Ji Xianlin, a master of Chinese studies, said in “Talking about Buddhism and Taoism”: “We can see from the word “Tao” that what the Chinese religion wants to solve are real problems, problems in this world, not mythological problems or problems in the afterlife.”

It can be seen that “Tao” is the highest concept of Chinese thought. All three schools of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism talk about Taoism, and the Taoism of the three schools is very similar. In other words, “Tao” is not only the incarnation of universal truth, but also the embodiment of secular truth.

As long as you study Chinese culture deeply, you can find more speech writings and ideological essence of the three schools of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Based on the three cultures, not only are they not mutually exclusive, they are also complementary, which is rare in the world’s culture, and it also highlights the harmony and broadness of Chinese civilization.

2. The Enlightenment

The enlightenment given to us by the philosophers of “Shang Dao” is to reveal: Since “Tao” is the origin of all things in the world, it embodies the laws and laws of the movement and change of objective things; people are dealing with a series of social problems and When there is a problem in life, one should follow the “Tao”.

And this “Tao” is not an abstract concept. In the process of social development, it touches and is extended to all social strata and all walks of life, becoming the lifelong pursuit and highest state of Chinese people’s life, career, and life.

What we hear and see every day are: teaches to teach “teacher”, learns martial arts to teach “martial arts”, drinks tea to teach “tea ceremony”, is an official should talk about “politics”, practice medicine talks about “medicine”, from literature to “wen” “Tao” is to engage in underground activities that are not permitted by law, and to pay attention to related “doings.”

By analogy, doing business is no exception, and doing business has its own “Dao”, which was called “Jia Dao” in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, which is now the “Shang Dao” we name.

As the name suggests, SynTao is the way of doing business, and it is also the integration of the skills and methods of business activities. One step to deepen is the strategy and knowledge of the business community, and the next level will rise to the internal laws and norms of business activities.

The business culture is the concept, rules and value system of business activities, business people and various social relations that are formed in the process of business activities.

To explore the footprints of China history, we can find that the tradition of doing business has a long history. In the long-term business practice, from the long-term strong official standard game, in the face of all kinds of repression and contempt, the history of Chinese business has shown special stoicism and strong vitality, thus forming a broad and profound The business culture of China, from which we can extract the dazzling Chinese business philosophy.

China Business Dao not only has valuable reference significance for today’s great national rejuvenation and economic transformation, but also has made important contributions to the progress of human civilization. We can’t ignore the tremendous influence that Chinese Business Dao has brought to the world’s various commercial civilizations. Whether it’s the West or the East, the south or the north, as long as you seek it carefully, you will find that it is inextricably linked to the commercial cultures of all parts of the world. Links. Therefore, the exploration of Chinese business culture is also of global significance.

Looking at the trajectory of China’s historical development, we can clearly show the traces of business culture. This is a context formed with the development and progress of China’s commercial civilization. It can also reflect the social and economic life in different historical periods. form.

The 5,000-year history of civilization in our country has accumulated a rich business culture during its long development process, and many famous businessmen have emerged. They have formed the foundation of business culture with their many practical activities and speeches.

In fact, from the meanings of Chinese characters to folk stories, as well as written records, you can feel the origin of business culture.

Open Chinese character dictionary, and we will have more intuition.

In addition to “Jia” and “Shang”, there are similar problems, such as “goods”, “business”, “commercial”, “sales”, “business”, “transaction”, “trade” and other titles. In addition to the subtle differences in the meaning itself, it also represents the definition of “shang” in different periods.

Based on the characteristics of Chinese and traditional Chinese culture, such subtle differences often contain profound philosophies. As long as we earnestly study and think, it can help us understand business from the origin and essence, understand the traditional Chinese business culture, and then provide us with some useful enlightenment for our understanding of “business.”

From the etymology, we can know that the earliest common term for “commercial activity” in ancient times was “transaction”, and it has been used today.

Then there is the name “cargo farming”. The word “goods” here has both the meaning of goods and currency. “Goods colonization” is to increase the number of “breeding” through transactions between goods and currency. From the traditional Chinese character “货” is written like this (货), it belongs to the “贝” department in philology. “贝” is the traditional form of “贝”, meaning shells. In ancient times, shells used to enter circulation as natural currency, so words like these—buy (buy), sell (sell), buy (buy), redeem (redemption), etc. (expensive, sole, sell, credit, earn , Finance, Accounts, Loan, Trade, Lease, Capital), almost all words related to currency belong to the “bei” department; or that all words that are subordinate to the “bei” department are almost all related to currency.

From “transaction” to “production of goods”, although they are all exchanges, their meaning has changed and progressed. “Transaction” seems to be exchanged only for the needs of life, while “reproduction” is exchanged for “increase in reproduction”-in fact, commercial interests. This evolutionary process has led to the definition we give today: business, businessmen, and business. From the time when Sima Qian wrote the “Historical Records”, the chapters adopted “The Biographies of Commodities”. The characters recorded in the biographies were all professional or semi-professional businessmen. The “Historical Records · Level Standards” stated: “Merchants used more currency to accumulate goods for profit. “It’s more clear and correct.

Professor Hongshen Zhai, a famous Chinese scholar in China, described it in his speech entitled “Business Taoism and Heavenly Tao in Chinese Culture: Tomorrow Taoism will lead to business Taoism”: “Is there business Tao in Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism? Yes. Look at Confucianism and Buddhism. The words Dao are very interesting! Confucianism: people + needs, Buddha: people plus one dollar upside down. Dao: above is the yin line, underneath is the yang line, one yin and one yang are the Tao. Chinese culture has a virtual extreme. Jingdu, if you don’t understand Confucian Shendu and you don’t understand Zhuangzi’s sitting and forgetting, what is sitting and forgetting? Falling into limbs, being clever, and knowing away from the form, is the same as Chase. If you don’t have this feeling, your brain can never fail. To open up. Lao Tzu talks about emptiness and quietness, Confucianism talks about being careful, and Buddhism talks about meditation…”

Of course, this is just an interpretation of the Chinese character form in modern thinking, but it can also give people some enlightenment. It has the effect of deepening the cognition and understanding of the relationship between the three religions of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism and business Taoism.

(to be continued..)

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