Ancient Chinese civilization is known as one of the four major civilizations in the world. The reason why China was the first to give birth to an ancient country is that the four major civilizations in the world were all born and developed in major river basins.
The Egyptian civilization was in the Nile River basin, the Mesopotamian civilization was in the Tigris and Euphrates river basins, the Indian civilization was born in the Ganges River basin, and the ancient Chinese civilization originated in the Yellow River basin.
The similarities between the birthplaces of these civilizations are that the rivers and the fertile alluvial plains on both sides provided the conditions for their development, and developed agricultural societies once existed on these plains.
The formation of agricultural society and its content vary from region to region. Its development stage and historical process are also different. On the contrary, we can also find some common points. The emergence of ancient countries centered on royal power can be said to be one of the common points.
However, what was the reason for the first ancient country to be born in mainland China? In order to answer this question, we must start with the agricultural society in the early stage of the birth of ancient countries, and discuss its birth, development, and even changes. It is also necessary to further investigate the structure of the ancient state formed by the development of agricultural society.
On the other hand, mainland China has a vast territory and a complex and diverse geographical environment. It is not limited to one type of the Yellow River Basin. In response to the long-standing view of focusing on the development of a unified cultural civilization centered on the Yellow River Basin, in the past two decades, there have also been multiple regional cultural views based on China, and a history of emphasizing the development of diverse regional societies.
In recent years, a group of scholars who emphasized the advancement of prehistoric culture in the Yangtze River Basin have emerged. They believe that the Yangtze River civilization is comparable to or even higher than the Yellow River civilization. Undoubtedly, in prehistoric times, against the background of diverse natural environments, inherent regional cultures once existed in all parts of China.
We must first interpret the actual state of these regional cultures. It should be noted that these regional cultures are still an important part of the regional culture that has survived the emergence of ancient countries, the ups and downs of dynasties, and political changes. It can be said that when investigating the regional society and its territory in China today, the reality of regional culture in prehistoric times is a factor that cannot be ignored.
It can also be said that even in the midst of dynasty changes and changing political phenomena, we must never ignore those regional cultural contexts that transcend historical facts, and these regional cultural contexts are rarely reflected in historical records.
This time we will examine the basic parts of these difficult regional cultures. In order to grasp the establishment and development of the above-mentioned prehistoric agricultural society and the regional culture of the prehistoric era, in terms of methods, we will have to adopt archeological research methods.
At the same time, listeners are also expected to learn about one aspect of archaeology, especially how the regional investigation of archaeology is related to the recent appearance of the region.
Regarding the history of archaeological research, including excavation investigations, there are considerable differences between modern countries. Of course, there are many similarities in their research methods and methods of action, but the differences are large enough to be shocking. These differences can be simply attributed to the characteristics of different countries, and some are in the background of historical accumulation since ancient times and the national consciousness formed after the establishment of modern countries.