Lao Tzu was a famous philosopher and thinker in the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period in China. He put forward many valuable insights on health preservation, especially the philosophy of health preservation, and had a significant impact on the development of later generations of medicine, health preservation, philosophy, and qigong. His philosophy of health preservation was later almost entirely inherited by the Chinese Taoist school of health preservation, and he was regarded as the originator of Taoism.
Laozi’s thoughts, including the philosophy of health preservation, are recorded in the book “Laozi”, which is deeply valued by later generations of health preservationists and Taoists. In the cultural relics unearthed from the Han Tomb in Changsha in 1973, two manuscripts of Laozi were found.
As far back as the Han Dynasty more than 2,000 years ago, the manuscripts of “Lao Zi” were buried with people after death. What are the contents of Lao Tzu’s philosophy of health preservation?
Although the ancients did a lot of research, there is not much research in modern times, and there are different opinions. Roughly speaking, Lao Tzu’s philosophy of health preservation has the following aspects-Pure-hearted and widowed health-preserving practitioners have always believed that in order to live a long and healthy life, in addition to the body, the spirit must also be healthy. For example, Gao Lian, a health caretaker in the Ming Dynasty, said: “The lady only knows to cultivate the body, but not to cultivate the spirit, but to love the body, but not to love the god, and she does not know that the person who is in the shape carries the chariot of the gods.”
The main idea of the sentence is that people only know to take care of the body, but not the spirit, but they don’t know that the body is like a car carrying the spirit. Once the spirit is gone, people will die. If the car is broken The horse ran away too. From this point of view, in order to live a healthy and long life, it is necessary to pay attention to material conditions such as diet, sleep, and living environment, but also to pay attention to spiritual conditions such as people’s thoughts and emotions, both of which are indispensable.
Laozi elaborated on the mental conditions very detailed and profound. He said: “There is no more misfortune than not being satisfied.
“Nothing is more than desired.” That is to say, there is no disaster than insatisfaction, and no sin than insatiable greed. If a person wants what he sees, he will have to “sin”, and “cause” is imminent.
Why is this happening? Laozi said: “Fame and If you are close to one another, you will have a lot of body and goods, and you will suffer. For this reason, great love will cost you a lot, and if you hide too much, you will die.
Contentment is not humiliating, and knowing that you will stop will last for a long time.
The meaning of this sentence is, vanity or life, which is more kind? Life or property is more important? Gain or loss, which is more harmful? Therefore, excessive craving will cause greater expenditure, and the more you store, It will inevitably lose more. The central meaning of this sentence is that you have to pay a certain price for what you want. Insatiable greed will inevitably lead to excessive physical and mental energy consumption, which will damage your health.
Lao Tzu has repeatedly emphasized the need to “see simple selfishness and widowhood” which means to have a simple appearance and a simple heart to reduce selfishness and desire.
He also said to “not expensive and rare”, that is, not to value rare commodities, but to “do nothing”
Fight with others so as not to cause mental stress and harm your body. This philosophy of health preservation of Lao Tzu seems to be quite reasonable today. For example, modern physiologists have done such an interesting experiment, that is, one is equipped with an immunoglobulin.
The cage was placed next to a cage with a tiger, which made the rabbit look at the tiger all day long and panic. He didn’t like any “delicious” food, and he couldn’t sleep well. As a result, the rabbit was sluggish and shrank into one.
As a control study, another rabbit was bred in a natural environment, and the result was very strong. From this experiment, we can see how important the spirit and emotions are to a person’s health, health, and longevity. Emphasis on conservation Zhong Lao Tzu said that “more words lead to poverty, not as good as keeping the middle” means that more words will not work, it is better to keep moderate. He also said “the wind will not end, the showers will not last all day”, which means that the strong wind will not blow all morning. The torrential rain hasn’t lasted for a whole day, so it’s better to keep it.
Lao Tzu thinks that we should “go away from the extreme, go to extravagance, go to Thailand”, which means we should get rid of those extreme, extravagant and excessive things. He asked to be “square without cutting, clean and not straight and unbridled, shining but not shining”, which means to be square without appearing blunt and reluctant, with edges so as not to scratch people, upright Instead of being unscrupulous, bright and without dazzling light. That is to say, don’t do anything, so that you won’t be lost. What happens if you don’t do this? He said that “the strong man is not allowed to die”, which means that the violent person is not allowed to die. He also said “to the number and not to the same”, which means that there is no honor when there is too much honor. Therefore, he believes that it is best to “not want to be like jade, and Luoluo is like stone”, that is, it is best not to make noble jade or hard stone.
Laozi’s doctrine of health preservation has been inherited and developed by successive generations of health preservationists for more than two thousand years. For example, Tao Hongjing (AD 456-536 AD), a great health care practitioner in the Southern Dynasties of China, said: “There is no great sorrow, no great mourning. This is the so-called neutralization. If you can neutralize, you will live a long time.” The Confucian Dong Zhongshu also said: “And the life-saving person is extremely life-saving. It seems that for modern people, especially the elderly, these health-preserving views are still valuable. “
Jingyi health-preserving of Laozi is also very rich when expounding his political and philosophical insights. It is a subtle and profound description of the experience and feelings of doing meditation (that is, sitting meditation).
Some people say that Lao Tzu may have gained a full set of political and philosophical views because of the mystery of doing meditation. To govern the country and the people.
For example, Lao Tzu said: “To achieve the ultimate in emptiness, keep quiet, and do everything together, I will regain it. The human and the thing are all, each one returns to its roots. Return to the roots and the day is quiet.” This sentence means: try to make the soul as quiet as possible. It is necessary to maintain quietness; everything is growing and developing. I observe their cycles. Although things change, they all return to their starting point, which is called “quietness.”
This has become the oldest and most classic exercise trick often cited by later generations of health preservationists. We all know that a good practice of meditation will make people comfortable, wonderful, and beautiful. This kind of feeling is not generally experienced by those who do not practice static exercises, but Lao Tzu has experienced it. Not only did I experience it, but it was also written down and handed down, which is a rare experience. For example, he said, “Tao is a thing, but only trance. Like a trance, there is an image in it; in a trance, there is a thing in it; if there is something in a trance, there is an essence in it; and there is faith in it. “This sentence means “Tao” this thing has no fixed shape, it is so trance, but there is an image in the trance; it is so far-reaching and ambiguous, it is profound and tasteful but contains extremely subtle. This very subtle essence is the most specific and true. He described the wonderful feeling after practicing qigong into silence, beyond description.
He also said, “We often have no desire to observe the subtle.The two come out of the same name but have different names. The same is called the mysterious, the mysterious, the door of the many wonderful.” The general meaning of this sentence is that people you can see the subtlety of everything from the invisible, and often see the ultimate of everything from the tangible. The two (tangible and intangible) are different, and they have one source. They are both far-reaching, and profound. They are all subtle. Total gate.
But how can we observe these mysteries? He believes that only by “specializing the air to be soft” (concentrating on keeping the air, dedicating to softening) and “cleaning up the mystery” (eliminating distracting thoughts and deepening contemplation) can this be done. In qigong terms, it means to keep the dantian, to be quiet to the wonderful place, to see the subtlety when thinking about the dantian, and to see the ultimate if you don’t want the dantian, which is ever-changing and unpredictable. This is exactly the portrayal of static power entering tranquility. It is conceivable that if Lao Tzu had not had a deep experience in practicing static exercises, he would not be able to describe such details. Lao Tzu not only has a deep understanding of static gong, but also proposed a set of methods for practicing static gong.
For example, he said: “Emphasis the heart, strengthens the abdomen, weakens the aspiration, strengthens the bones.” It means that if understood from the perspective of qigong or static exercise, it means to eliminate distracting thoughts, conserve the abdomen, weaken desires, and strengthen the bones and muscles.
Of course, it is impossible for Lao Tzu to extend this proposition to governing the country and the people, so that everyone is like this (“often ignoring the people”). Of course it is impossible, but it is completely possible to do static work.
Therefore, it has always been valued by cultivators. How can I be quiet? Lao Tzu pointed out that we must “shelter, close the door, thwart the sharp, and resolve the disputes”, which means that the hole of knowledge should be blocked, the door of knowledge should be closed, and the sharpness and detachment of disputes should not be revealed in order to settle down. This can be said to be the oldest trick of Chinese Qigong for eliminating distracting thoughts and guiding tranquility. Based on the above, Lao Tzu has repeatedly emphasized in his works that in order to grow longevity, one must practice quietness. His insights have also been inherited by Chinese health preservationists and even Taoists and Confucianists, such as Zhuangzi, Baopuzi, Sun Sijiao, and even Su Dongpo, Bai Juyi, Lu You and other great writers who insisted on practicing Jinggong.
There are written records left in the world. Therefore, Lao Tzu is not only a great philosopher and thinker, but also a great health regimen.