Chinese martial arts, anciently called “boxing and bravery”, “strike”, and also called “national martial arts” in the Republic of China. It is one of the precious cultural heritages of the Chinese nation and the embodiment of traditional national culture in martial arts. Chinese martial arts is the crystallization of national wisdom. The core of its thinking is the Confucian theory of neutralization and nourishing qi. At the same time, it integrates Taoism’s calmness and softness, Buddhism’s Zen meditation and enlightenment, and other theories, thus forming a broad and profound martial arts. The system has become a unique “wu culture” in the world.
Chinese martial arts infiltrate the character and temperament of the nation, and it contains the unique understanding of the Chinese nation on the way of fighting. It is not only different from European and American boxing, which is self-asserting and fierce, but also different from Japanese karate, which is very characteristic of island culture, and also different from Muay Thai, which has a strong tropical jungle atmosphere. Chinese martial arts pay attention to the combination of strength and softness, both internal and external. It has a strong and majestic appearance, but also has an elegant and profound connotation. Chinese martial arts is not just a boxing technique, nor is it a simple combination of strength and technique. It is full of philosophy and deeply embodies the understanding of life and the universe by the philosophers. It is a nearly perfect form of exercise. Interpreting the ancient Eastern philosophy and pursuing the perfect and harmonious state of life.
The characteristics of Chinese martial arts are expressed in four words: beauty, physicality, use, and governance. Beauty is the skillful use of single training or pair training. The resulting beauty. The body is for martial arts exercises to achieve a strong body. It is used to fight against or defend yourself by using martial arts techniques such as kicking, beating and wrestling. The treatment is to cure diseases through martial arts exercises. China pays more attention to the beauty of martial arts. , Physical training, governance, and vigorously promote competitive routine performances.
The beauty of Chinese martial arts can be divided into two types:
The manifestation of traditional Chinese aesthetics in martial arts routines. We know that traditional Chinese aesthetics are very different from Western aesthetics. Among them, categories such as meaning, taste, Tao, spirit, force, and charm are not possessed by Western aesthetics, and these categories are particularly evident in martial arts routines. The main thing in martial arts routines lies in the beauty of charm, artistic conception, natural beauty, and the unity of beauty and goodness in martial arts routines.
Second, from the perspective of traditional aesthetics, look at the formal beauty of martial arts routines. From the perspective of traditional aesthetics, look at the unique elements of martial arts routines such as posture, strength, rhythm and structure. In other words, the charm of martial arts routines is realized or expressed through these major elements! The beauty of the posture is the posture and the posture. Martial arts routines are very particular about postures, such as long boxing posture stretch, flexible movements, brisk and unrestrained; Shaolin boxing is ancient and clumsy, compact, agile and vigorous; Bagua boxing is flexible, with continuous postures; through-arm boxing is powerful and long-reaching Wait.
The beauty of strength is the beauty of strength and strength in martial arts. Different from the strength and method mentioned in the body aesthetics, the strength of martial arts focuses on the strength and movement. For example, in the long boxing, the strength is smooth, full of inch strength, and the shot is subtle. It requires the legs to start from the waist and to follow. The shoulder is destroyed by the elbow and reached by the hand. Coordination is smooth and strength is clear. Nanquan moves steadily and vigorously, with many short punches, good at bidders, and its movements are tight and vigorous. Another example is Tai Chi pushing hands, soft in softness and rigidity, and needles in cotton. It uses the methods of holding, squeezing, squeezing, pressing, plucking, swiping, elbow, and lean to adhere to each other.
The beauty of structure is the beauty of organization of martial arts technology and tactics. Especially martial arts routines, because they are arranged in accordance with the changing laws of contradictory movements such as offensive and defensive advances and retreats, movement and static swiftness, rigidity and softness, virtual reality and other contradictory movements. Modern martial arts rehearsal routines have designed and selected sports arts such as the rhythm of their movements, difficulty skills and other sports arts, so that they are matched like a piece of movement. The start, inherit, turn, and union are all carefully conceived and deliberated over and over again. At the same time, pay attention to make the action smooth and in line with the law of combat, pay attention to the virtual reality, height, weight, opening and closing and other changes.
China is a large multi-ethnic country with a long history and a vast territory, and its geographical environment and human factors are extremely complex. Due to historical and ethnic reasons, the economic and cultural development of various regions is very unbalanced, and the customs and conditions of each region are quite different. Therefore, a number of smaller cultural areas with their own characteristics have been formed very early, such as the Central Plains Cultural District, Qilu Cultural District, Guanlong Cultural District, Wuyue Cultural District, Bashu Cultural District, Minnan Cultural District, Lingnan Cultural District, and the later Beijing-style cultural district and Shanghai-style cultural district, etc., all have distinct regional characteristics. The big culture of the Chinese nation is actually formed by the integration of these regional cultures.